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Gender Ratio
Gender ratio issue in Haryana

Pretext: As per 2011 population index Haryana marks 5th (877) lowest on Sex ratio index, Daman and Diu (618) being 1st, Dadra Nagar Haveli (775) 2nd, Chandigarh 3rd (818), Delhi 4th (866).

Though and according to 2011 consensus index, it shows an improvement in Haryana sex ratio, which comes as 867 in 1901, 844 in 1931, 867 in 1971, 865 in 1991, 863 in 2001 and 877 in 2011. Yes it’s not an applauding improvement but still showing a remarkable uplift. Now the time has come that instead of criticizing the locales on a pattering track and blaming the whole game just on one reason, some more widened studies should be launched.

Content: I believe that now Haryana need to launch another study to know what is its natural birth ratio and what is female feticide index against it. What impact the expatriates putting on local sex ratio and consensus counting? And many other may/could be reasons. Let’s put a dawning look into some of these in details:

Natural Sex/Gender Ratio: Because in Kerala, there are only 922 boys over 1000 girls, which as of the day is pertained to by virtue of nature. And if to see Kerala on a balanced sex ratio, it is worst of the reverse order to that of Haryana, former is worst on male index and later on female index. It is an irony that both are bad on sex index but former is patted on same where as the later is highly criticized. Why it has been going non-debated in so called all kind of debates and discussion platforms? Why despite the absence of any kind of male or female feticide there is a famine of males in Kerala? Can nature be so unfair that ratio goes dwindle and makes a difference of 78 (922 versus 1000)?

By bringing this to notice I never mean of pulling Kerala in bad shape here, no way but the point here is to understand the role of nature in sex ratio imbalance. I equally aware of that female feticide is on peak in North Indian states including the state in discussion but the point arises to study up to how much percentage the nature is playing the same role in states like Haryana equivalently to that of Kerala but of reverse order here?

So if to mark a standard point of natural birth, causing imbalance in both states let’s take it like 922 girls per 1000 boys in Haryana (922 boys per 1000 in Kerala). Means 922 – 879 = 43 girls (it may be more or less which further is a fact of studying the ground factors) per 1000 boys are missing in Haryana because of other reasons other than natural imbalance in birth ratio.

Now from this point onward it takes two routs, one the natural cause and second the human wrong ambitions and other unknown but associated reasons. We saw above how nature is causing this imbalance though it is still to study further how much it is putting in place for Haryana, same as of Kerala or around by or hugely high/up; only the officially launched studies can elaborate and here I left it as a proposal to intellectuals and socialites to take it further on debate. Now I am coming to the second rout which rides on human wrong ambitions and other unknown associated reasons. Second rout will take two subways first human wrong ambitions and second unknown associated reasons.

Human Wrong Ambitions: List is very complicated but counts for very dangerous and dark side of society. Undoubtedly the most debated and severe issue elopes with social attitude; that social attitude which drives the female feticide in society.

And this social attitude form of demons like

  1. Complexion of male dominancy

  2. Greed of son

  3. Threats of dowry and related post-marriage issues like torturing of girl, over-expectation of in-laws in terms of work, finance and so called limits/decoroum (whose limited use and expectation is always necessary for a civilized family but over expectations and burden often leads to tensions and tortures)

  4. Fear of degradation of social reputations if a female clutch into revolutionary modes of out of expectations

  5. Wish to woman control
  6. Irresponsible to society doctors and misuse of technology like Ultrasound in greed of money by them

  7. System of donation seats in education for medical seats, which further leads a doctor to apply mean ways to recover the money given in donation

  8. and the things enlist on.

Irony is that even the education, rise in standard of life and various awareness schemes have been lamented in changing the dogmatic minds of society in these aspects. Now it is proved that wish of supremacy over female is directly perhaps exponentially proportional to one’s education, earning and enthusiasm.

Education and resources earned are used in a feudal attitude by doctors. And cause of this feudal attitude is further lie into our corrupt system, where majority of doctors are made with a donation base system. If one becomes doctor at the additional cost to INR 20 to 50 lakhs to that of official fee, why he would not take wrongs means for recovery of extra money laid on his degree?

This is an endless and open debate matter which needs uproot investments of thoughts and efforts, writing a page or two only can be a face making as I am feeling while writing this article. Anyway proceeding to second subway:

Other unknown associated reasons:

  1. Sister states expatriates impact: How many of other state expatriates settling down in Haryana and NCR are living with their families? Out of those who hold local ration card and voting card of Haryana, how many of them are single and their families resides back in their native states? What impact it is putting on calculation of sex ratio in Haryana?

    As per an estimation and seeing the migration of sister state brothers in Haryana in last 2-3 decades, they have almost doubled the population of Haryana to that of only native to state people population. As per estimation around 30 to 40 lakhs of such people is residing in 3-4 districts of Haryana like Gurgaon, Faridabad, Sonipat and Rohtak. And an equal estimate resides in rest of Haryana especially in form of laborers of both skilled and unskilled classes varying from agro sector to industry sector. And it is also seen that they live here as single, register them a local voters but never bring their families here or if brings then at least after a span of a decade or more.

    Studies should be made how these people are impacting the sex ratio here. I don’t mind if it appears as a positive on overall state sex ratio index; positive or negative but it has to be studied. If it would be positive then government and agencies would have a clear segmentation and would then be required to focus on native states classes else it would be relieving somehow from the head of native classes.

    I saw from data that Punjab has improved 19 point against 15 of Haryana in last decade and I can directly relate it to the fact that Haryana has seen 3 to 4 times more migration of expatriates than Punjab and most of these expatriates come single even if married.

  2. Newly bought bride from other states are counted on consensus index or they are ignored and not given a family member status, this point should be studied with priority as it is also related to human rights violation too.

  3. Unwanted (Unmarried) Abortions: Though it is not of the concern when it comes to family gender ratio as it happens before marriage or with single woman. Moreover number should also be of least order as market is full of safety pills, condoms and other safety-sex means to avoid such burdens bu the point comes from this issue is that which segment of society is more prone to such cases. Further because it is becoming a threat in diverting the perception towards woman.

Other than these factors, agencies and governments should do segmentation studies of population to find out one to one relation between skewed gender ratio and some crucial factors like urban population versus rural population and impact of education and awareness. Though some organizations are doing such studies but as of the day most of them are doing it with stigmatic attitude to pervert the ground reality as per their convenience. And such kind studies are proved to be spitting the shit of own belonging on others rather accepting the honesty of nearby.

Conclusion: Once the index on gender ratio for rural versus urban are found then according to their positive or negative reflection their corresponding social set-up should further be studied, which may further vary for both. Then these factors should be segmented into common and repository of each other. It shall also help in knowing the impact of education and awareness level on both sets of population.

Will try to enlist more points as and when finds some facts and figures based factors.

Jai Dada Nagar Kheda Bada Bir

Author: P. K. Malik

First Revision: 05/05/2013

Publisher: NHReL

  • NH Advisory Board

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हिंदी में लेख:
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    खाप स्मृति:
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    2. हरयाणे के योद्धेय
    3. सर्वजातीय तंत्र खाप
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Articles in English:
    General Discussions:
    1. Farmer's Balancesheet
    2. Original Haryana
    3. Property Distribution
    4. Woman as Commodity
    5. Farmer & Civil Honor
    6. Gender Ratio
    7. Muzaffarnagar Riots
    1. Shakti Vahini vs. Khap
    2. Listen Akhtar Saheb

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  4. Gotra System
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“Say no to Dowry”
Eliminate this sex inequality!
Human purchases vegetables, cattle even all routine courses in hand to hand give and take deal then why this blunder mistake in marriages that only girl’s side will pay and that too in double costs in terms of daughter and dowry both? Lets stop this male dominance and female discrimination. - NH
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Say no to female foeticide!
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